Kick Start 2021 With These Tips From A Life Coach

Stop procrastinating

Why do we procrastinate? Well, if you asked 10 people that question, you would likely get 10 different answers. However, the actual reason we procrastinate is FEAR. When our body senses that doing something could cause us pain in some kind of way, we reject the activity. You may be thinking, “Chasity, cleaning my garage is not painful.” Yes, you are correct, but wouldn’t watching an hour of television be more entertaining? Your brain computes this as “I am afraid of missing out on something more pleasurable” and there for procrastination begins.

Photo by cottonbro on Pexels.com

Now think about what you are afraid of:

  • Are you afraid of rejection?
  • Are you afraid of failure?
  • Are you afraid of success?
  • Are you afraid you do not have enough information?
  • Are you afraid you will be wasting time?
  • Are you afraid of not being good enough?

Really think about what you have been putting off and WHY you have been putting it off. What are you afraid of?

What has being afraid cost you?

Get out of your “rut”

When actions are repeated over and over again it can cause our brains to automatically preform the actions – good or bad. For example, every time my mom would get into her car, she would smoke a cigarette. So when she decided to stop smoking, she would automatically reach for something as soon as she got into a vehicle because her brain was “in a rut.”

Scientist at MIT have proven that repeated behaviors puts our brains into a sort of rut, making it much more difficult – but not impossible – to change our behaviors. Our brains respond to repeated stimuli and creates neurological pathways, over time these pathways become a “rut” or habit and the path of least resistance. Naturally, we are more likely to travel the path of least resistance, therefore we subsequently resist change.

A habit is categorized as “mindless behavior” and can be useful to us, such as eating, breathing, bathing, etc. but can also be harmful, such as smoking, drinking too much alcohol, mindlessly scrolling social media etc.

Photo by Jessica Lewis on Pexels.com

The first step in addressing a bad habit is to simply acknowledge it! Once you have identified the habit that you want to change, start actively choosing to replace it with a desired habit. Example: If you pick up your phone every time the screen lights up, turn you phone face down or put it away while you are working. Remember, good things come to those who wait. You will not be able to change a habit over night, so take it one day at a time.

Take time for yourself

We wake up with the blaring of the alarm that jolts us awake – several times if you’re addicted to the snooze button – we have 15 minutes to shower and get ready for the day. We rush out the door only to get stuck in traffic, we turn the radio on to listen to the news (because we have to be well informed, of course.) You get to work, phones are ringing, customers are demanding your time and attention, your boss needs you to finish todays tasks early because she wants to send them in, you eat a processed lunch from a fast food place, but at least you’re making a living. On the way home, you have the radio on and phone stuck to your ear – you must be great at multitasking!

You arrive home and the kids need help with homework before you have to drive them to their little league game. After the game, the kids are starving, but you’re exhausted and pick up dinner – again. The kids are finally in bed and all you want to do is close your eyes and get ready to repeat the same thing the next day.

As a society we have made being “busy” equivalent to being “successful” however, is that really the case? Where do YOU fit into YOUR day? You are constantly being pulled in every direction from people who need your time, attention, or knowledge but you’re not giving yourself the time and attention you need.

Don’t be so busy trying to get to your destination and that you forget where you’re going.

Photo by Ruiyang Zhang on Pexels.com

Start by giving yourself 5 minutes a day to simply be present with yourself, your thoughts and feelings. Soon you will want more and start to carve out even more time for yourself. During this time you will likely discover ways to work smarter, not harder. Remember, not always being available could make people respect you and your time more.

Ask yourself:

If I continue down my current path, where will I be next year? In 5 years?

I hope that these questions will help you carve out a beautiful 2021.


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Pill Periods Are Not Real Periods

When birth control pills were first marketed, contraception was illegal, so manufacturers had to come up with an alternate marketing strategy *enter period regulation.* The claim of “period regulation” was a cover story that stuck and is still around some 50 years later.

Yes, if you are on birth control you will bleed around the same time very month. However, this “pill period” as I call it, is actually a withdrawal bleed. Your pill period is a symptom of withdrawal from the synthetic hormones in your birth control.

The hormones produced by the ovaries are estrogen and progesterone. These sex hormones are responsible for many different things in the body including but not limited to: mood, brain function & growth, bone health, muscle growth & formation, and many more! The birth control pill works by releasing pseudo-hormones that suppress ovulation & keep the cervical mucus thick. The hormones in hormonal contraceptives are not the same hormones that are naturally occurring in a woman’s body. The progesterone-like hormone, levonorgestrel, that is common in birth control is linked with depression and anxiety, whereas the naturally occurring progesterone hormone improves brain health & cognition.

The “period pills” at the end of the birth control pack are essentially sugar pills, meaning they don’t release the progesterone-like hormones that keep the uterine lining thick and intact. The sudden withdrawal of this hormone is what causes the uterine lining to shed during menstruation. The reason that this is not a real period is because the hormones keeping the uterine lining thick and intact are not naturally occurring in our body, and the shedding is simply caused by withdrawing these pseudo-hormones. If you were to start taking the hormone releasing pills again, your period would stop.

There are many side effects from taking hormonal contraceptives, many of which have become a majority rather than the exception. Increased risk of anxiety and depression is one that is basically a given side effect. This goes back to the progesterone-like hormone that is used in many hormonal birth controls.

A diminished sex drive is another one of the side effects of hormonal contraceptives. Studies have shown that women can experience a lower libido for up to a year after they stop hormonal birth control. A diminished sex drive is caused by having higher levels of sex hormone-binding globulin, which suppressed testosterone – the sex desire in men and women. The study showed women on the pill have 7 times the level of sex hormone-binding globulin that women who had never taken the pill, and had twice the amount a year after they stopped taking the pill.

When we look at the business side of hormonal contraceptives, we can easily see why they are pushed for a multitude of reasons, many of which have nothing to do with stopping unwanted pregnancies. Hormonal contraception is a multi-billion dollar industry with almost $1.7 billion in sales just from the United States. The Inspector General’s office released a study stating that 7 out of 10 advertisements for the pill were “misleading or unbalanced.” Contraceptives are the most “deceptively advertised” category of prescription drugs, antibiotics are in second place.

An informed decision is the best decision, and many times the benefits of the hormonal birth control pill outweigh the side effects. However, it is important to know your options and the effects those options can have on your body. Other forms of birth control include:

  • Fertility Awareness Method
  • Male Condoms
  • Female Condoms
  • Copper IUD
  • Hormonal IUD

There are a number of different birth control options not mentioned, but these are the most effective alternatives.

It’s a little hard to wrap my head around the fact that we shut down women’s hormone systems to prevent pregnancy, when there are many other options. Fertility is a sign of health, not something that should be treated like a disease with a drug. I encourage you to educate yourself and your loved ones and make an informed decision.


Could your diet be the cause of your menstrual cramps?

We’ve all heard the saying “you are what you eat,” but what does that quote actually mean? From a holistic prospective, it’s taken pretty literally. If you eat unhealthy foods often, your health will gradually decline. On the flip side, if you eat healthy foods, you will generally be healthier. Have you evaluated your diet recently? Or ever? Most of the time, people are content with the way they are eating and feeling until there is a reason not to be.

If you suffer from menstrual cramps or pain, this is your sign to look into your diet. You may dismiss the pain because it is “normal” however, cramps are a symptom that something is a bit off; specifically estrogen hormones. Periods are caused by a drastic drop in estrogen, which triggers the uterine lining to shed. As the uterine lining sheds, hormone-like substances called prostaglandins are released. These substances cause the uterus to contract, which are the cramps you may feel.

The question is then, what can we do to decrease our prostaglandins? The answer is to balance our estrogen. One big way to begin to balance out estrogen levels is to ditch the dairy, according to multiple studies. Milk comes from pregnant cows and during pregnancy a cows estrogen level rises from 15 pg/ml in non-pregnant cows to 151 pg/ml in the first half of pregnancy and 1000 pg/ml in the last days of pregnancy. There’s no surprise that some of this estrogen enters our bodies when we consume dairy products. Some studies also show a link between consuming dairy products and estrogen linked cancers, such as breast and ovarian cancer. If you are suffering from menstrual cramps, conduct your own research and see if cutting back or eliminating dairy works for you!

Estrogen is mainly produced by our ovaries, but fat cells also produce estrogen. Trimming down on excess fat tissue will also help decrease the levels of estrogen, which in turn decreases prostaglandins resulting in less painful menstrual cramps. Studies have shown women with a BMI of 19 to 20 kg/m2 (someone who is 5 feet 4 inches would weigh between 114 and 120 pounds) have less problems with sever menstrual cramps, fibroids, and endometriosis. Even if you can’t get to that weight or don’t want to get to that weight, losing any amount of excess fat tissue will help.

Increasing your fiber to around 30 grams per day will also help flush out excess estrogens leading to less painful menstrual cramps. The average American gets about 14 grams of fiber, which is less than half of the recommended amount. Remember that slow and steady wins the race; don’t try to go straight to 30 grams of fiber over night. Figure out how much fiber you are having per day by adding your meals to sites like MyFitnessPal or cronometer, you can also check with your doctor or nutritionist! After you know how much you are currently having, focus on adding more fiber into one meal per day for one week, along with increasing your water intake. Continue to add fiber to each meal gradually until you are at your desired amount.

One of my personal favorite switches is having chia seed pudding for breakfast! Just 2 tablespoons of chia seeds has roughly 11 grams of fiber and you can customize it to your liking. My base pudding starts out like:

You simply mix all of the ingredients and let sit over night or at least 15 minutes. If you like your pudding a little thicker, add a dash more milk when you’re ready to eat. I also like to add about 3 tablespoons of vanilla coconut yogurt with strawberries or frozen blueberries. Chia seeds are an awesome and tasty way to sneak some extra fiber into your diet and not add that many calories! WIN WIN!

In the end, whether you are suffering from painful periods or not, making healthier choices should be a priority. No one is perfect, and it’s important to remember that! Even the seemingly perfect Instagram model or the organic-gummy-giving-mom on Youtube have “bad” days, and that’s OKAY! Balance is key to anything in life, including diet.

If you or someone close to you are suffering from painful menstrual cramps or are wanting to lose weight, email me and I will help you find the perfect plan for you! I hope this helped you in some way, and as always, hit the work with me tab and send me an email with any questions you have! Happy day & happy flowing!


In-Depth look at Ovulation and Luteal Phase

This post is about the second half of your menstrual cycle. The first half is described in more detail here, and the overview of the entire cycle is here. I spit these us so the information wouldn’t be too overwhelming.

Ovulation: One day, usually day 14

Ovulation is the shortest phase of the cycle; typically 24 hours or less. This is the only time of the month you can actually get pregnant. The winning follicle that developed during your follicular phase is starting to get ready to release its egg; the follicle swells, gets triggered by luteinizing hormone (LH), and ruptures to release its egg. On rare occasions, more than one follicle develops fully and that is when more than one egg is released. The release of the egg is ovulation. The final stages of the swelling can take a few hours, but the rupture and release of the egg happens within a matter of minutes.

When the follicle ruptures, you may feel a mild pain known in German as mittelschmerz. I personally feel this quite often, it is not very painful and is usually quick.

Again, ovulation day is the only day pregnancy can actually be achieve, but recall during the follicular phase, fertile mucus is produced and allows sperm to stay alive in the cervical crypts for up to 5 days. So, if you have unprotected intercourse during the time fertile mucus is present, you could still get pregnant when you ovulate EVEN IF YOU DID NOT HAVE SEX THAT DAY. Sperm cells are called to the egg like Moana is called to the ocean. It is literally their only goal in life; fertilize the egg!

If the egg is fertilized, it will make its way to the uterus, attach itself to the uterine lining, and pregnancy begins. If the egg is not fertilized, it is simply reabsorbed back into the body.

On average, ovulation occurs around day 14 of the menstrual cycle, but again, everyone is different.

Luteal Phase: 10-16 Days

The follicle that released the egg during ovulation is now roughly a 4 inch piece of tissue called the corpus luteum. The corpus luteum produces the hormone progesterone.

Progesterone has many benefits including building muscle, promoting better sleep, helping to calming the nervous system and making it easier to cope with stress. Progesterone is also what holds and nourishes pregnancy, should it occur. If the egg was not fertilized, the corpus luteum will remain intact for about a week and continue to produce and release progesterone, this is what keeps the uterine lining thick and intact. After about a week, the corpus luteum begins to deteriorate and progesterone production starts to slow down. The plunge in progesterone production immediately triggers the uterine lining to start to disintegrate, and this is when we start our periods.

Recap of the menstrual cycle

Days 1-7 are your period, this is when your uterine lining and other fluids are shed through menstrual blood. The next phase is the follicular phase and usually last between 7-21 days. During this phase the follicles in your ovaries are getting ready to release the egg during ovulation. Next is the day, ovulation. This is the only day during the month that pregnancy can actually be achieved. *Please recall fertile mucous* After ovulation comes the luteal phase, which last 10-16 days. This is the time between ovulation and your next period. If the egg that was released during ovulation was not fertilized, it is reabsorbed by the body and triggers progesterone to halt production. The drop in progesterone is what triggers the uterine lining to deteriorate causing us to start our periods.

The average cycle is 28 days, but a healthy cycle can last between 21 and 35 days. If you are younger and just coming into puberty, a healthy cycle may last up to 45 days (because of the longer follicular cycle.) Generally, if there is fluctuation in a cycle, it will be in the follicular phase because the corpus luteum will only produce progesterone for about 14 days if the egg was not fertilized.


In-Depth Look at your Period + Follicular Phase

If 1/4 of American women do not know where their vagina is located, I think it’s safe to assume there is an equal number of women who are unaware of the phases in their menstrual cycles. I was entirely unaware of the menstrual cycle phases until 2016 when I finally decided I’d had enough of hormonal birth control; I knew there had to be another way. Lucky for you, I’ve done the research and I’m here to shed light on this seemingly forgotten subject.

Your monthly cycle is so much more than just your period! There are four distinct phases women experience every month:

  • Period
  • Follicular phase
  • Ovulation
  • Luteal phase

Period: 1-7 Days

This is the first day of our cycle and can last up to 7 days. Start charting a new cycle on the first day of your actual period, not if you have some spotting in the days leading up to your period.

Knowing the signs of healthy menstrual blood is so vital, so here is a chart from one of my teachers:

I have written an article on what is in our menstrual blood and will continue to write articles on self care during this time.

During your period, you can lose between 1 and 4 ounces of blood and other fluids, but typically the average is 2.5 ounces. This is also the time that Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) starts to be produced by your pituitary gland. FSH is the hormone that triggers the follicles in your ovaries to start developing eggs to be released during ovulation, which we’ll discuss more in the next article.

Follicular Phase: 7-21 Days

The female body has got to be the most optimistic being in the universe. It prepares for pregnancy every month! And that is what’s happening in this phase of your cycle. The follicular phase can last anywhere between 7 to 21 days, depending on the amount of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) you have. When you are younger and just coming into puberty, your follicular phase will be shorter because you will have less FSH. As you get older, you have more FSH and therefor will have a longer follicular phase. This is the phase that varies the most in length, so if you have a longer or irregular cycle, it usually will stem from this phase.

During this phase your body is prepping for pregnancy; you’re releasing more estrogen, specifically estradiol. Estradiol is immensely important because it is your happy hormone! Estradiol boosts your mood and libido because it stimulates the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine. Many women report being happier and more motivated during this phase of their cycles. Estradiol also benefits your bones, muscles, brain, heart, sleep, skin, and metabolism, but its two main jobs are to thicken the uterine lining and stimulate a unique type of vaginal discharge; fertile mucus.

You may have heard of “vaginal discharge” because this is what many women call their cervical fluid. There are different types of cervical fluid, the book Taking Charge of Your Fertility by Toni Weschler depicts 3 different variations leading up to fertile mucus. The book describes the first few days after your period has ended as “dry.” There is no cervical fluid. After that, there’s “sticky” and the vaginal sensation is dry/sticky. Next is, “creamy” the vaginal sensation is wet/moist/cold. Finally there’s “egg white” and the vaginal sensation is wet/lubricative. The egg white fluid is the fertile mucus.

The best way to check for cervical mucous is when you use the restroom and wipe with paper, notice how the paper “glides.” If there is a little resistance, this is likely the “dry” or “sticky” mucus. If the paper glides very easily, you’re probably getting to the fertile mucus.


Everyone is different! Every body is different! Your cervical fluid may not sound like what is described above! It is so important to track your cycle and cervical fluid so you understand what your own personal fluid looks/feels like. These are descriptions gathered by many different women, but they are just an average and not the rule.

Most women describe their fertile mucus as being like egg whites; extremely stretchy (can stretch at least 1” without breaking), slippery, clear/cloudy, wet/lubricative. This is extremely fertile. The other cervical fluids described may be fertile, but it is not likely. Your fertile mucus is what allows sperm to stay alive inside the cervical crypts for up to 5 days.

cervical crypts: pockets in the lining of the cervix where the cervical fluid is produced, and that function as a temporary shelter for sperm during the women’s fertile phase.

Also note that there are some cases where you may experience abnormal timing of fertile fluid; post about that will be coming later and will be linked here.

On December 8, the detailed description of the second half of the menstrual cycle will be released. Here is an overview of the entire cycle.

Happy flowing friends!


Overview of the Phases of the Menstrual Cycle

Fun fact: your cycle is more than just your period! You actually have 4 distinct phases in your monthly cycle *hints why it’s called a cycle, it just keeps going!* Knowing about your cycle is more than just a fun party topic, it can help uncover any underlying health issues that may be going on. If you can tell your doctor, GP, or naturopathic doctor what is going on and when, it can cut out a lot of guess work.

Photo by Murtaza Saifee on Pexels.com

Our cycle day 1 starts on the first day of your actual period. If you have any spotting leading up to your actual period, this does not count. Only count day 1 as the first day of your actual bleed. You may be thinking why do we have periods and what is in our menstrual blood? Basically, the egg that was released during ovulation was not fertilized, and therefor a certain hormone stops being released. The absence of this hormone signals the uterine lining to disintegrate and pass through in our menstrual blood; and there we have it, aunt flow.

Follicular Phase

The follicular phase overlaps our periods a bit and last between 7 and 21 days. If you tend to have a longer or irregular cycle, it’s probably this phase that is longer or irregular. Young girls tend to have a shorter follicular phase because their bodies are still building up their reproductive hormones. During the follicular phase our bodies are preparing for pregnancy. We are releasing different hormones that do a bunch of complicated things, but the main hormone that is being released is the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH.) FSH is responsible for telling the ovarian follicles to develop. Between 10-20 follicles are maturing during this time, however, one (rarely two) will out preform and be the chosen one to release the egg. This leads us to ovulation.


Ovulation is when the egg is released from the follicle in the ovary and the only time (roughly 24 hours) that pregnancy can actually be achieved. However, as you approach ovulation, your body starts to release cervical fluid. Some of this cervical fluid is fertile and allows sperm to stay alive for up to 5 days. So, if you have had unprotected sex while this fertile cervical fluid is present, you may still get pregnant even if you didn’t have sex on ovulation day. If the egg was fertilized, it will travel into the uterus and attach itself to the uterine wall. If the egg was not fertilized, more hormones will be released and you will enter the luteal phase.

Luteal Phase

The luteal phase is roughly 2 weeks long and unlike the luteal phase, rarely changes in length. During this phase, there is a dominating hormone called progesterone. Progesterone is what thickens the uterus lining and keeps it in tact, incase pregnancy was to occur. If pregnancy does not happen, progesterone eventually ceases to be released, and this is what causes the uterine lining to deteriorate and our period starts. Hello aunt flow.

** I have an article written that goes more in-depth about each phase, cervical fluid, and the hormones that dominate our cycle. After consideration, I decided to break the post up into three articles to make it easier to understand. Post two (in-depth look at periods + follicular phase) and post three(in-depth look at ovulation + luteal phase) are now linked! As always, hit the “work with me” tab to send me an email or any questions you may have!**


Fiber for Balancing Hormones

Being a woman isn’t easy, but what if I told you how to make it a little easier? We’ve heard a lot of buzz around hormones lately, and honestly it can get overwhelming. Some symptoms of hormone imbalance could be,

  • Irregular periods
  • Tender breasts
  • PMS
  • Mood swings
  • Bloating
  • Fatigue

The list could go on, but you get the idea. Basically, if you are feeling crummy and just “not good” you may want to take a look at your hormones – a simple blood test will tell you the answer.

If you’re terrified of needles like I am, try increasing your fiber intake. Studies from Tufts University, UCLA, and the American Health Foundation have shown that increasing your fiber intake helps to reduce excess estrogen. But how? Your liver!

Your liver filters blood and removes things that should not be there, including excess hormones. After your liver removes the excess hormones, they make their way to the intestinal tract where fiber soaks them up and escorts them out of your body via waste. You literally flush away excess hormones each time you use the ladies room.

Increasing your fiber through diet changes doesn’t require expensive supplements or pills; it’s as simple as adding beans, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables at each meal. Animal products, such as meat, eggs, and fish do not contain fiber!

The average American gets about 16 grams of fiber per day, according to US government statistics. For good health, we should double that figure, at the very least.

Your Body Balanced by Neal D. Barnard, MD, FACC

To be more specific about fiber intake:

If you are 50 years old or younger, your fiber goal should be a minimum of 25 grams/day.

If you are 51 years old or older, your fiber goal should be a minimum of 21 grams/day.

Of course, check in with your doctor to see which hormones are out of wack and if this natural method of increasing fiber will work for you. Also, note that these are minimums, and do not reflect the optimal rage of 30 to 35 grams/day. Again, check with your doctor to see your personal optimal range. I also do not recommend trying to jump feet first into eating 35 grams of fiber per day; slow and steady wins the race. Focus on adding fiber into your diet wherever you can and in no time you’ll have a regular restroom routine and happier hormones.

And girl, drink you water!

Reach out and let me know how I can help you. Have a blessed day friends!


Why Do We Have Periods?

One day we’re just kids enjoying life; then, all of a sudden we sneeze, and Niagara Falls starts flowing red into our underwear. “What was that?!”, we think as we rush to the bathroom, and then you see it, and you know you’re going to die!

Okay, just kidding, but I seriously had no idea what to expect when I had my period for the first time! Of course, my mom had explained some of it, but in the early 2000s sex talk and periods were still super taboo topics. Plus, my period came a few years before most of my peers.

I actually remember my mom telling me that one of my classmates had started her period (our moms were friends) around six months before; my response was, “Oh! That’s why she takes so long in the bathroom!” I honestly thought that once your period came, it was there forever. I had no idea about monthly cycles; I did not know that your period was a monthly thing!

Flash forward about fifteen years: I have come to know my cycle so well that I routinely debate  my feminine health with my doctors. I started to track my cycle about five years ago after I got the hormonal implant birth control taken out of my arm; let me just say that experience was TRAUMATIC, and I have come to understand how to tap into my unique feminine energy to conquer life!

So, to answer the question: “Why do we have periods?”


We have many different hormones that do many different things, but when it comes to the menstrual cycle, we have five essential hormones:

  • Estrogen 
  • Progesterone
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
  • Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
  • Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (hCG)

These hormones are all responsible for different things and change in amount throughout your cycle. Your period is a result of a drop in hormones because the egg released during ovulation was not fertilized. When you are approaching ovulation, estrogen rises and then falls rapidly; the drop in estrogen is what signals the egg release and the thickening of the uterine lining. After about a week, the uterus realizes it is not pregnant, estrogen rapidly falls again, and the uterine lining disintegrates and is released through your menstrual flow.

Hormones control so much of our lives, so it is important to know about them and if they are out of wack. This post was a brief overview of what happens to cause your body to shed its uterine lining and the hormones that control our cycles.

The first step in becoming more aware of your feminine power is to track your period. There is a plethora of apps you can use to make it easy! I personally practice the Fertility Awareness Method, so I use the old fashion pen and paper, but do you gurl. 

If you’re read to flow happily and get personalized help with tracking your cycle, learn how to optimize different times within your cycle, or get on track with your hormones, click the “work with me” tab at the top!

Much love and happy flowing



What’s in your menstrual blood?

When I started my research, I was surprised to find out exactly what was in my menstrual blood. I just thought my body decided it needed to bleed for three to five days a month to let me know I wasn’t pregnant and then move on. I had know idea what a period actually was and why women had one every.single.month!

Let me start out by saying that menstrual blood is still just blood. It is not any “dirtier” than blood that comes from any other part of your body, unless you have any blood borne diseases.

Basically we can think of menstrual blood as a “watered down” version of our venous blood. This is because menstrual blood is lacking the proteins regular blood has that makes it thicker, it also has less iron than the blood in our veins.

So, what is in our menstrual blood? There is a mix of blood, bacteria, uterine tissue (which can sometimes cause clumps), and mucus.

Bacteria will naturally accumulate around the vaginal area during your period because the vagina becomes more moist. It is important to note that during the period we are more susceptible to bacterial infections such as bacterial vaginosis, especially if there is an imbalance of bacteria.